◊ ♦ ◊ American Bible ◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 10 Verse 1 In he third year of Cyrus, king of Persia, a revelation was given to Daniel, who had been named Belteshazzar. The revelation was certain: a great war; he understood it from the vision. 2 In those days, I, Daniel, mourned three full weeks. 3 I ate no savory food, I took no meat or wine, and I did not anoint myself at all until the end of the three weeks. 4 On the twenty-fourth day of the first month I was on the bank of the great river, the Tigris. …
Cyrus II the Great reigned from 559 BC to 530 BC. Babylon was taken by him in the year 539 AD. Prophet Daniel was born in Jerusalem and he died in Babylon in the year 536 BC (now Han-al-Mahawil in Iraq). ◊ Wikipedia: The Achaemenid Empire (Old Persian Haxâmanishiya) (c. 550–330 B.C.E.), known as the first Persian Empire, was the successor state of the Median Empire, expanding to eventually rule over significant portions of the ancient world which at around 500 B.C.E. stretched from the Indus Valley in the east, to Thrace and Macedon on the northeastern border of Greece. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 10 Verse 5 As I looked up, I saw a man dressed in linen with a belt of fine gold around his waist. 6 His body was like chrysolite, his face shown like lightning, his eyes were like fiery torches, his arms and feet looked like burnished bronze, and his voice sounded like the roar of a multitude. … 18 The one who looked like a man touched me again and strengthened me, saying, 19 „Fear not, beloved, you are safe; take courage and be strong.“ 20 When he spoke to me, I grew strong and said, „Speak, my lord, for you have strengthened me.“ „Do you know,“ he asked, „why I have come to you? Soon I must fight the prince of Persia again. When I leave, the prince of Greece will come; 21 but I shall tell you what is written in the truthful book. No one supports me against all these except Michael, your prince,
Interpretation Verse 5: I believe that is Jesus Christ.
◊ ♦ ◊ The kings of the south and the north ◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 1 standing as a reinforcement and a bulwark for me. 2 Now I shall tell you the truth. „Three kings of Persia are yet to come; and a fourth shall acquire the greatest riches of all. Strengthened by his riches, he shall rouse all the kingdom of Greece. 3 But a powerful king shall appear and rule with great might, doing as he pleases. 4 No sooner shall he appear than his kingdom shall be broken and divided in four directions under heaven; but not among his descendants or in keeping with his mighty rule, for his kingdom shall be torn to pieces and belong to others than they. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,1: Daniel had the vision at the time of Cyrus II. The prophecy started with the Meder Darius II, who ruled from 423 to 404 BC.
Interpretation Daniel 11,2: The three kings: / Artaxerxes II 404-358 BC / Artaxerxes III. 358-338 BC / Artaxerxes IV (Arses) 338-336 BC Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_kings_of_Persia
The fourth king of Persia was Darius III. Darius III reigned frome 336 to 330 BC. The greatest expansion of Persia was under Darius III. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darius_III_of_Persia
Interpretation Daniel 11,3: Alexander the Great, the king of Javan defeated Darius III in the year 333 BC. The kingdom was divided after death of Alexander the Great. Wikipedia: At Issus in 333 BC, his first confrontation with Darius, he used the same deployment, and again the phalanx at the center pushed through with the advantage of its long pikes. This enabled Alexander to personally lead the charge in the center against Darius, causing him to flee and his army to rout. At the decisive encounter with Darius at Gaugamela, Darius had equipped his chariots with scythes on the wheels to break up the phalanx and his cavalry with pikes. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great
Interpretation Daniel 11,4: The kingdom was divided after death of Alexander the Great into four parts:
East: empire of Seleucus (Persia) – North: kingdom of Lysimachus (draki) – West: Empire of Cassander (Macedonia) – South: Empire of Ptolemaius (Egypt). The son of Alexander the Great was not suitable for the independent. Source: http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Diadochi
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 5 “The king of the south shall grow strong, but one of his princes shall grow stronger still and govern a domain greater than his. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,5: The Roman Empire = King of the South. Wikipedia: The Roman Republic was the period of the ancient Roman civilization where the government operated as a republic. It began with the overthrow of the Roman monarchy, traditionally dated around 508 BC, and its replacement by a government headed by two consuls, elected annually by the citizens and advised by a senate. The Roman Empire was growing up steadily to Emperor Constantine the Great.
Interpretation Daniel 11,5 (… one of his princes …): Constantine the Great reigned from 306 to 337 AD. The largest expansion of the Roman Empire was under Emporer Constantine, then it went to the dogs. Emperor Constantine the Great was a great general and he was the sole emporer after the battle against his rival. (Battle of the Milvian Bridge 312 AD)
Wikipedia: The Battle of the Milvian Bridge took place between the Roman Emperors Constantine I and Maxentius on 28 October 312. It takes its name from the Milvian Bridge, an important route over the Tiber. Constantine won the battle and started on the path that led him to end the Tetrarchy and become the sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Maxentius drowned in the Tiber during the battle. … Constantine had a vision which led him to fight under the protection of the Christian God. Lactantius states that, in the night before the battle, Constantine was commanded in a dream to “delineate the heavenly sign on the shields of his soldiers” (On the Deaths of the Persecutors 44.5). He followed the commands of his dream and marked the shields with a sign “denoting Christ”. Lactantius describes that sign as a “staurogram”, or a Latin cross with its upper end rounded in a P-like fashion. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Milvian_Bridge Constantine beat Maxentius with 40,000 men. Maxentius was at 100,000 men disposal.
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 6 After some years they shall become allies: the daughter of the king of the south shall come to the king of the north in the interest of peace. But her bid for power shall fail: and her line shall not be recognized, and she shall be given up, together with those who brought her, her son and her husband. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,6:
Constantine II. (the king of the south) married his sister Constantina off to Gallus (the king of the north) on 15. March 351 AD. Constantina was the daughter of Constantine the Great.
Gallus reigned Eastern Roman Empire. He was called Caesar of the East. The aim of the marriage was to protect the Eastern Front. A peace agreement.
Interpretation Daniel 11,6 (But her bid for power shall fail: and her line shall not be recognized who brought her … her son … her husband … ): Constantine the Great (who brought her = The father of Constantine) died in 337 AD. Members of the Constantinian dynasty were killed in the east after the death of Constantine the Great. Constantina lost her power and she lost her child. The fate of her child was unknown. Constantina died in the year 354 AD. Her husband Gallus died in the year 354 AD. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: This new state of affairs was unacceptable to Constantius, who felt that as the only surviving son of Constantine the Great, the position of emperor was his alone. He was determined to march west across the empire to fight the usurper. However, feeling that the east still required some sort of imperial presence, he elevated his cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar of the eastern provinces. As an extra measure to ensure the loyalty of his cousin, he married the elder of his two sisters, Constantina, to him. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantius_II ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Constantina (also named Constantia and Constantiana; b. after 307/before 317 – d. 354), and later known as Saint Constance, was the eldest daughter of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great and his second wife Fausta, daughter of Emperor Maximian. Constantina received the title of Augusta by her father, and is venerated as a saint, having developed a medieval legend wildly at variance with what is known of her actual character. … For the second time, during the reign of her middle brother Constantius II, Constantina was married to Hannibalianus’ and her own first cousin Gallus, who had been created a Caesar of the East and renamed Constantius around 349/350, which also presumably was the time of their marriage …. Her second marriage produced a daughter (Anastasia), whose full name and fate are unknown. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantina ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Flavius Claudius Constantius Gallus (ca. 325/326 – 354), commonly known as Constantius Gallus, was a member of the Constantinian dynasty and Caesar of the Roman Empire (351–354). Gallus was consul three years, from 352 to 354. … In 350, Magnentius had rebelled and killed the emperor Constans, claiming the purple. Constantius II prepared to move against the usurper, but needed a representative in the East, so he called Gallus at Sirmium, raised him to the rank of caesar (15 March 351), gave him the name Constantius, and strengthened the bonds with his cousin by allowing Gallus to marry his sister Constantina. Gallus and Constantina, who probably shared her brother’s aim of controlling the young Caesar, set up residence in Antioch. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantius_Gallus
◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: When his father died at Constantinople on 22 May 337, Constantius was the nearest of his sons to that city. Although on campaign in the eastern provinces, he immediately returned to the city to oversee his father’s funeral. The role of Constantius in the massacre of his relatives descended from the second marriage of his paternal grandfather Constantius Chlorus and Theodora) is unclear. Eutropius, writing between 350 and 370, writes that Constantius merely sanctioned “the act, rather than commanding it”. However, Eutropius was hostile to Constantius – he was a friend of Julian – Constantius’ cousin and ultimately his enemy. Constantius, his older brother Constantine II, his younger brother Constans, and three cousins Gallus, Julian and Nepotianus were left as the only surviving male relatives of Constantine the Great. Meeting at Sirmium not long after the massacre, the three brothers proceeded to divide the Roman Empire among them, according to their father’s will. Constantius received the eastern provinces, including Egypt, Syria, Thrace, and Asia Minor. Constantine II received Britannia, Gaul, Hispania, and Mauretania. Constans, though initially under the supervision of Constantine II, received Italy, Africa, Illyricum, Pannonia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantius_II
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 7 But later a descendant of her line shall succeed to his rank, and shall come against the rampart and enter the stronghold of the king of the north, and conquer them. 8 Even their gods, with their molten images and their precious vessels of silver and gold, he shall carry away as booty into Egypt. For years he shall have nothing to do with the king of the north. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,7 (A descendant of her line):
Who is arised after the end of the Western Roman Empire? Mohammed established the Islam (a new religion). He was born in the year 570 AD and he died in the year 632 AD. He was it sucessfull. The Islam has been growing since the year 632 AD.
The Eastern Roman Empire (the king of the north) was attacked and conquered by the Caliphs (the followers of Mohammed). One exception: The Caliphs were not be able to conquer Constantinople. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: A year after the Battle of Tabuk, the Banu Thaqif sent emissaries to Medina to surrender to Muhammad and adopt Islam. Many bedouins submitted to Muhammad in order to be safe against his attacks and to benefit from the booties of the wars. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Byzantine–Arab Wars were a series of wars between the Arab Caliphates and the East Roman or Byzantine Empire between the 7th and 12th centuries AD. These started during the initial Muslim conquests under the expansionist Rashidun and Umayyad caliphs and continued in the form of an enduring border tussle until the beginning of the Crusades. As a result, Arab controlled territory expanded considerably. The initial conflict lasted from 634 to 718, ending with the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople that halted the rapid expansion of the Arab Empire into Anatolia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Constantinople_%28718%29. Daniel 11,8 came true after that: For years he shall have nothing to do with the king of the north. The Caliphs left the king of the north alone, because they applied the attention to the king of the south (See Daniel 11,9-10).
Interpretation Daniel 11,8 (he shall carry away as booty into Egypt): The Caliphs took the booty along into Egypt. Egypt became a centre of Islam. See: Wikipedia: After the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 641, Rashidun commander ‘Amr ibn al-‘As established Fustat just north of Cairo and Babylon. At Caliph Umar’s request, the Egyptian capital was moved from Alexandria to the new city. Fustat also became a regional centre of Islam and home to the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As, the first mosque in Egypt. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 9 Then the latter shall invade the land of the king of the south, and return to his own country. 10 „But his sons shall prepare and assemble a great armed host, which shall advance like a flood, then withdraw. When it returns and surges around the stronghold, …
Interpretation Daniel 11,9: Caliph Abd al-Malik headed to the king of the south. He conquered the Maghreb. He did not fight against the king of the south. He returned to his country, but his sons only armed for war against the king of south. Caliph Abd al-Malik reigned from 685 AD to 705 AD. Comment: to invade – German ecumenical Bible translation: ziehen gegen = to move against or to head to.
◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Caliph Abd al-Malik was effective in increasing the size of the empire. In Maghreb (western North Africa) in 686 CE a force led by Zuhayr ibn Qais won the Battle of Mamma over Byzantines and Berbers led by Kusaila, on the Qairawan plain, and re-took Ifriqiya and its capital Kairouan. In 695 Hasan ibn al-Nu’man captured Carthage and advanced into the Atlas Mountains. A Byzantine fleet arrived, retook Carthage but in 698 Hasan ibn al-Nu’man returned and defeated Tiberios III at the Battle of Carthage. The Byzantines withdrew from all of Africa except Ceuta. ◊ ♦ ◊ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abd_al-Malik_ibn_Marwan ◊ ♦ ◊ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maghreb.
Interpretation Daniel 11,10: The King of the South was the Christian Europe (Visigothic kingdom) because the Western Roman Empire perished.
Caliph Abd al-Malik headed to the king of the south, but one of his sons only armed for war and he conquered (flooded) Spain and the city Toledo. His troops pushed in the south of France. This first son of Abd al-Malik was called Caliph Al-Walid I. Caliph Al-Walid reigned from 705 AD to 715 AD and he conquered Spain (Visigothic). Under his Caliphate was the largest expansion.
Wikipedia: Al-Walid ibn Abd al-Malik or Al-Walid I (668 – 715) was an Umayyad caliph who ruled from 705 – 715. He was born to Abdul Malik Ibn marwan and his wife who was from the central Arabian region Najd. Al walid continued the expansion of the Islamic empire that was sparked by his father, and was an effective ruler. His father Abd al-Malik had taken the oath of allegiance for Walid I during his lifetime. As such the succession of Al-Walid I was not contested. His reign was marked by endless successions of conquests east and west.
Al-Walid I (705-715 AD/86-96 AH), began the Islamic conquests and took the early Islamic empire to its farthest extents. He reconquered parts of Egypt from the Byzantine Empire and moved on into Carthage and across to the west of North Africa. Then, in 711, Muslim armies crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and began to conquer Spain using North African Berber armies. By 716, the Visigoths of Spain had been defeated and Spain was under Muslim control. This would be the farthest extent of Islamic control of Europe (in 736, they were stopped in their expansion into Europe south of Tours, France). In the east, Islamic armies made it as far as the Indus River in 712—under Al-Walid, the caliphate empire stretched from Spain to India. Al-Hajjaj bin Yousef played a crucial role in the organization and selection of military commanders. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Walid_I
The second son of Caliph Abd al-Malik was called Sulaiman ibn Abd al-Malik. He reigned from 715 AD to717 AD. The third son of Abd al Malik was called Yazid II and he reigned from 720 AD to 724 AD, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazid_II The fourth son of Abd al Malik are called Hisham and he reigned from 724 AT to 743 AD. He conquered Narbonne in southern France and he sieged Toulouse.
Interpretation Daniel 11,10: Rome (the stronghold of the king of the south) was attacked in the year 849 AD. Wikipedia: The naval Battle of Ostia took place in 849 between some Saracen pirates and an Italian league of Papal, Neapolitan, Amalfitan and Gaetan ships. The battled ended in favor of the Italian league, as they successfully beat off the pirates. It is one of the few events to occur in southern Italy during the ninth century that is still remembered today, largely for the walls named after Leo and for the Renaissance painting Battaglia di Ostia by Raphael. Starting in 827, Muslim forces had begun to conquer Sicily. In 846, Saracens sacked Rome, raiding various basilicas, including Saint Peter’s, for their treasures.News of a massing of Saracen ships off Sardinia reached Rome early in 849. A Christian armada, commanded by Caesar, son of Sergius I of Naples, was assembled off recently refortified Ostia, and Pope Leo IV came out to bless it and communicate the troops (i.e., perform a Mass). After the pirate ships appeared, battle was joined with the Neapolitan galleys in the lead. Midway through the engagement, a storm divided the enemies and the Christian ships managed to return to port. The Muslims, however, were scattered far and wide, with many ships lost and others sent ashore. When the storm died down, the remnants of the Arab fleet were easily picked off, with many prisoners taken. In the aftermath of the battle, much booty washed ashore and was pillaged by the locals, per ius naufragii. The prisoners taken in battle were sent to work in chain gangs building the Leonine Wall which was to encompass the Vatican Hill. Rome would never again be threatened by an Arab army http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Ostia
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 11 the king of the south, provoked, shall go out to fight against the king of the north, whose great host shall make a stand but shall be given into his hand 12 and be carried off. In the pride of his heart, he shall lay low tens of thousands, but he shall not triumph. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,11:
The king of the south (Christian Europe) was provoked because the king of the north (Seljuks were Muslims) often attacked the Christian Europe and the king of the north was in possession of Jerusalem.
The king of the north was the Seljuk Empire (Islamic Empire), becauce the Seljuks conquered large parts of Byzantine (Eastern Roman Empire). At first the Crusades were successful. The king of the south conquered the Holy Land and Jerusalem. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The First Crusade (1096–1099) was a military expedition by Western Christianity to regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquest of the Levant, ultimately resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem. It was launched in 1095 by Pope Urban II with the primary goal of responding to an appeal from Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos, who requested that western volunteers come to his aid and help to repel the invading Seljuq Turks from Anatolia. An additional goal soon became the principal objective—the Christian reconquest of the sacred city of Jerusalem and the Holy Land and the freeing of the Eastern Christians from Islamic rule. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Crusade
Interpretation Daniel 11,11 (… whose great host shall make a stand but shall be given into his hand …): The Crusaders (the king of the south) defeated the Seljuks (the king of the north) in the first crusade. The city of Antioch was captured, although the Crusaders were feeble by hunger and they were outnumbered. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Siege of Antioch took place during the First Crusade in 1097 and 1098. The first siege, by the crusaders against the Muslim city, lasted from October 21, 1097, to June 2, 1098. The second siege, against the crusaders who had occupied it, lasted from June 7 to June 28, 1098. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Antioch
Interpretation Daniel 11,12 (… In the pride of his heart, he shall lay low tens of thousands, … ): There was a massacre in Jerusalem in the year 1099 AD. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Siege of Jerusalem took place from June 7 to July 15, 1099 during the First Crusade. The Crusaders stormed and captured the city from Fatimid Egypt. … Many Muslims sought shelter in the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Dome of the Rock, and the Temple Mount area generally. According to the Gesta Francorum, speaking only of the Temple Mount area, “…[our men] were killing and slaying even to the Temple of Solomon, where the slaughter was so great that our men waded in blood up to their ankles…” According to Raymond of Aguilers, also writing solely of the Temple Mount area, ” in the Temple and porch of Solomon men rode in blood up to their knees and bridle reins.” However, this imagery should not be taken literally; it was taken directly from biblical passage Apocalypse 14:20.Writing about the Temple Mount area alone Fulcher of Chartres, who was not an eyewitness to the Jerusalem siege because he had stayed with Baldwin in Edessa at the time, says: “In this temple 10,000 were killed. Indeed, if you had been there you would have seen our feet coloured to our ankles with the blood of the slain. But what more shall I relate? None of them were left alive; neither women nor children were spared”. The slaughter of large numbers of Muslims on the Temple Mount is sometimes dubiously projected into the entire city, with some modern commentators claiming that all or almost all of the inhabitants of the city were killed. There is no eyewitness evidence for such a wholesale slaughter outside the Temple Mount area. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_%281099%29
Interpretation Daniel 11,12 (… but he shall not triumph …): The Crusades started in the year 1095 AD. Wikipedia: The main series of Crusades occurred between 1095 and 1291 … There was a crushing defeat in the Battle of Hattin in the year 1187 AD. The result of all this was that the king of the south (the Christian Europe) was not strong enough to occupy the Middle East. The first crusade was only a success, because Jerusalem was conquered. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Battle of Hattin (also known as “The Horns of Hattin” because of a nearby extinct volcano of the same name) took place on Saturday, July 4, 1187, between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the forces of the Ayyubid dynasty. The Muslim armies under Saladin captured or killed the vast majority of the Crusader forces, removing their capability to wage war. As a direct result of the battle, Islamic forces once again became the eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-conquering Jerusalem and several other Crusader-held cities. These Christian defeats prompted the Third Crusade, which began two years after the Battle of Hattin.
Interpretation Daniel 11,11:
The king of the north was the Seljuk Empire (Islamic Empire), becauce the Seljuks conquered large parts of Byzantine (Eastern Roman Empire). The Seljuks stemmed from Central Asia (from North – Soviet Union). The Ottomans followed the Seljuks. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia The Seljuq were a Turco-Persian Sunni Muslim dynasty that ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East from the 11th to 14th centuries. ◊ ♦ ◊ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seljuq_dynasty. Wikipedia: The Ottoman Empireor Sublime Ottoman State was an empire that lasted from 27 July 1299 to 29 October 1923. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 13 For the king of the north shall raise another army, greater than before; after some years he shall attack with this large army and great resources. 14 In those times many shall resist the king of the south, and outlaws of your people shall rise up in fulfillment of vision, but they shall fail. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,13: The king of the north was the Ottomans, because they followed the Seljuks.
Interpretation Daniel 11,13 (… For the king of the north shall raise another army, greater than before; after some years he shall attack with this large army and great resources …): The king of the north (Murad I) attacked the Christian army (the king of the south) with a large army and great resources. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Murad I was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1361 to 1389. … He established the Empire by building up a society and government in the newly conquered city of Adrianople (Edirne in Turkish) and by expanding the realm in Europe, bringing most of the Balkans under Ottoman rule and forcing the Byzantine emperor to pay him tribute. It was Murad who established the former Osmanli tribe into an empire. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murad_I. Interpretation great resources: The hallmark of the Ottomans was a huge entourage or great resources. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The first military unit of the Ottoman State was an army that was organized by Osman I from the tribesmen inhabiting western Analtolia in the late 13th century. The military system became an intricate organization with the advance of the Empire. The Ottoman military was a complex system of recruiting and fief-holding. The main corps of the Ottoman Army included Janissary, Sipahi, Akıncı and Mehterân. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire
Interpretation Daniel 11,14: (… in those times many shall resist the king of the south …): There were many internal disputes in Christian Europe (king of the south) at the time of Murad I. There were many civil wars (Hundred Years War).
The Kings of the Holy Roman Empire were up in arms against the Pope, because the Pope appointed the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. The result of all this was that the Golden Bull was promulgated in the year 1356 AD. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Pope‘s involvement with the Golden Bull of 1356 was basically nonexistent, which was significant in the history of relations between the Popes and the Emperors. When Charles IV laid down procedure for electing a King of the Romans, he didn’t mention anything about receiving papal confirmation of the election. However, Pope Innocent VI did not protest this because he needed Charles’s support against the Visconti. Pope Innocent continued to have good relations with Charles IV after the Golden Bull of 1356 until the Pope’s death in 1362. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Bull_of_1356 There were civil wars at the time of Murad I. See Hundred Years War. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Hundred Years’ War was a series of wars waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet, also known as the House of Anjou, for the French throne, which had become vacant upon the extinction of the senior Capetian line of French kings. The House of Valois claimed the title of King of France, while the Plantagenets claimed the thrones of both France and England. The Plantagenet kings were the 12th-century rulers of the kingdom of England, and had their roots in the French regions of Anjou and Normandy. … The “war” was in fact a series of conflicts and is commonly divided into three or four phases: the Edwardian War (1337–1360), the Caroline War (1369–1389), the Lancastrian War (1415–1429), and the slow decline of Plantagenet fortunes after the appearance of Joan of Arc (1412–1431). Several other contemporary European conflicts were directly related to this conflict: the Breton War of Succession, the Castilian Civil War, the War of the Two Peters, and the 1383-1385 Crisis. The term “Hundred Years’ War” was a later term invented by historians to describe the series of events. The war owes its historical significance to a number of factors. Though primarily a dynastic conflict, the war gave impetus to ideas of both French and English nationalism. Militarily, it saw the introduction of new weapons and tactics, which eroded the older system of feudal armies dominated by heavy cavalry in Western Europe. The first standing armies in Western Europe since the time of the Western Roman Empire were introduced for the war, thus changing the role of the peasantry. For all this, as well as for its long duration, it is often viewed as one of the most significant conflicts in the history of medieval warfare. In France, civil wars, deadly epidemics, famines and marauding mercenary armies (turned to banditry) reduced the population by about one-half http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundred_Years%27_War
Interpretation Daniel 11,14 (… and outlaws of your people shall rise up …, but the shall fail …): The Jews were exposed to persecution at the time of Murad I. Some Jews defended against the persecutions, but they failed.
Wikipedia: Persecution of Jews The Jews were also subjected to attacks by the Shepherds’ Crusades of 1251 and 1320. The Crusades were followed by expulsions, including in, 1290, the banishing of all English Jews; in 1396, 100,000 Jews were expelled from France; and, in 1421 thousands were expelled from Austria. Many of the expelled Jews fled to Poland. As the Black Death epidemics devastated Europe in the mid-14th century, annihilating more than a half of the population, Jews were taken as scapegoats. Rumors spread that they caused the disease by deliberately poisoning wells. Hundreds of Jewish communities were destroyed by violence. Although Pope Clement VI tried to protect them by the July 6, 1348 papal bull and another 1348 bull, several months later, 900 Jews were burnt alive in Strasbourg, where the plague hadn’t yet affected the city. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persecution_of_Jews A synonym of vision: nightmare Source: http://thesaurus.com/browse/vision.
Interpretation Daniel 11,14 (… in fulfillment of vision … ): The Black Death (Nightmare) came true. Wikipedia: The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe between 1348 and 1350. Although there have been several competing theories, the dominant explanation for the Black Death is the plague theory, which attributes the outbreak to the bacterium Yersinia pestis. Thought to have started in China, it travelled along the Silk Road and had reached the Crimea by 1346. … The Black Death is estimated to have killed 30–60 percent of Europe’s population, reducing the world’s population from an estimated 450 million to between 350 and 375 million in 1400. This has been seen as having created a series of religious, social and economic upheavals, which had profound effects on the course of European history. It took 150 years for Europe’s population to recover.
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 15 When the king of the north comes, he shall set up siegeworks and take the fortified city by storm. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,15: The city of Constantinople was conquered by Mehmed II. in 1453. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Fall of Constantinople was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire, which occurred after a siege by the Ottoman Empire, under the command of Sultan Mehmed II, against the defending army commanded by Emperor Constantine XI. The siege lasted from Friday, 6 April 1453 until Tuesday, 29 May 1453 (according to the Julian Calendar), when the city was conquered by the Ottomans. Interpretation siegeworks: Mehmed II built ramps to take the city. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Constantinople
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 15 The power of the south shall not withstand him, and not even his picked troops shall have the strength to resist. 16 He shall attack him and do as he pleases, with no one to withstand him. He shall stop in the glorious land, dealing destruction. 17 He shall set himself to penetrate the entire strength of his kingdom. He shall conclude an agreement with him and give him a daughter in marriage in order to destroy the kingdom, but this shall not succeed in his favor. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,15-17: Suleiman I. conquered Southeast Europe. No one had the strength to resist until there.
The king of the north (Suleiman I – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire ) wanted to subjugate the whole Christian Europe (the king of the south). Süleyman wanted to conquer Vienna (Habsburg) in the year 1529 AD to penetrate into Europe. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Suleiman I was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent and in the East, as the Lawgiver, for his complete reconstruction of the Ottoman legal system. Suleiman became a prominent monarch of 16th century Europe, presiding over the apex of the Ottoman Empire’s military, political and economic power. Suleiman personally led Ottoman armies to conquer the Christian strongholds of Belgrade, Rhodes, and most of Hungary before his conquests were checked at the Siege of Vienna in 1529. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suleiman_the_Magnificent ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The House of Habsburg, also found as Hapsburg, and also known as House of Austria was one of the most important aristocratic royal houses of Europe and is best known for being an origin of all of the formally elected Holy Roman Emperors between 1438 and 1740, as well as rulers of the Austrian Empire and Spanish Empire and several other countries http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Habsburg
Interpretation Daniel 11,17 (… He shall conclude an agreement with him and give him a daughter in marriage in order to destroy the kingdom…):
Maximilian I (the king of the south) concluded an agreement with Vladislav II King of Hungary. Maximilian I. gave Louis II of Hungary his granddaughter Mary in marriage in order to destroy the kingdom of the king of the north (Suleiman I – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire). This marriage was an agreement between Austria and Hungary. The marriage politics was the trademark of the Habsburgs.
Mary of Habsburg married Louis II of Hungary in the year 1515 AD in order to destroy the king of the north (Suleiman I). Mary of Habsburg was the granddaughter of Maximilian I. (Holy Roman Emporer). Louis II of Hungary was the son of Vladislav II (King of Hungary). ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Maximilian I (22 March 1459 – 12 January 1519), the son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleanor of Portugal, was King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1493 until his death, though he was never in fact crowned by the Pope, the journey to Rome always being too risky. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia The foundations for the later empire of Austria-Hungary were laid in 1515 by the means of a double wedding between Louis, only son of Vladislaus II, King of Hungary, and Maximilian’s granddaughter Mary; and between her brother, Archduke Ferdinand and Vladislaus’ daughter, Anna. The wedding was celebrated in grand style on 22 July 1515, and has been described by some historians as the First Congress of Vienna due to its significant implications for Europe’s political landscape. As all the children were still minors, the wedding was formally completed in 1521. Vladislaus died on 13 March 1516, and Maximilian died on 12 January 1519, but his designs were ultimately successful: on Louis’s death in 1526, Maximilian’s grandson, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor became the King of Bohemia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Habsburg
Interpretation Daniel 11,17 (… but this shall not succeed in his favor. …): Suleiman the Magnificent (the king of the north) attacked Hungary because of the alliance with the Habsburgs.
The Habsburgs (the king of the south) breached the agreement because they did not help the Hungarians in contempt of the alliance. The result of all this was that the king of the south was not be able to hamper the success of the king of the north (Suleiman I – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire). ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Battle of Mohács was fought on August 29, 1526 near Mohács, Hungary. In the battle, forces of the Kingdom of Hungary led by King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia were defeated by forces of the Ottoman Empire led by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. The Ottoman victory led to the partition of Hungary for several centuries between the Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, and the Principality of Transylvania. The death of Louis II as he fled the battle marked the end of the Jagiellon dynasty in Hungary, whose dynastic claims were absorbed by the Habsburgs via the marriage of Louis’ sister. … King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia, King of Hungary and Bohemia, entered into marriage with Mary of Habsburg in 1522. The Ottomans saw that growing alliance as a threat to their power in the Balkans and worked to break this alliance. After Suleiman I came to power, the High Porte made the Hungarians at least one and possibly two offers of peace. It is unclear why Louis refused the offer. It is possible that King Louis was well aware of Hungary’s situation (especially after the Battle of Chaldiran and Polish-Ottoman peace from 1525) and he believed that war was a better option than peace. Even in peacetime the Ottomans raided Hungarian lands and conquered small territories (with border castles), but a final battle still offered a glimmer of hope. To such ends, in June 1526, an Ottoman expedition advanced up the Danube River …. Amid political chaos, the divided Hungarian nobility elected two kings simultaneously, János Szapolyai in 1526, and Ferdinand I of Habsburg in 1527. The Ottoman occupation was contested by the Habsburg Archduke of Austria, Ferdinand I, Louis’s brother-in-law and successor by treaty with King Vladislaus II.. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Moh%C3%A1cs
◊ ♦ ◊ … Daniel Chapter 11 verse 18 He shall turn to the coastland and take many, but a leader shall put an end to his shameful conduct, so that he cannot renew it against him. …
Interpretation Daniel 11,18: The Siege of Vienna was not successful in the year 1529 AD, therefore the king of the north (Suleiman I – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire) had to return.
The king of the north (Ottomans) turned to the coastlands and took many (Cyprus, Crete, Syros, Naxos, Karpathos, Paros, …). Wikipedia: The naval Battle of Preveza took place on 28 September 1538 near Preveza in northwestern Greece between an Ottoman fleet and that of a Christian alliance assembled by Pope Paul III. In 1537, commanding a large Ottoman fleet, Hayreddin Barbarossa captured a number of Aegean and Ionian islands belonging to the Republic of Venice, namely Syros, Aegina, Ios, Paros, Tinos, Karpathos, Kasos and Naxos, thus annexing the Duchy of Naxos to the Ottoman Empire. He then besieged the Venetian stronghold of Corfu and ravaged the Spanish-held Calabrian coast in southern Italy. In the face of this threat, Pope Paul III succeeded in February 1538 in assembling a ’’Holy League’’, comprising the Papacy, Spain, the Republic of Genoa, the Republic of Venice and the Knights of Malta, to confront Barbarossa. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Preveza ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: On 7 March 1573 the Venetians thus recognized by treaty the Ottoman possession of Cyprus, whose last Venetian possession, Famagosta, had fallen to the Turks under Piyale Pasha on 3 August 1571, just two months before Lepanto, and remained Turkish for the next three centuries, and that summer the Ottoman navy attacked the geographically vulnerable coasts of Sicily and southern Italy Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lepanto_%281571%29 ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: This continued under his son and successor Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed (Grand Vizier 1661–1676). The Köprülü Vizierate saw renewed military success with authority restored in Transylvania, the conquest of Crete completed in 1669 and expansion into Polish southern Ukraine, with the strongholds of Khotyn and Kamianets-Podilskyi and the territory of Podolia ceding to Ottoman control in 1676. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire
Interpretation Daniel 11,18 (… but a leader shall put an end to his shameful conduct …): The Prince of Savoy (a leader) has put an end to his shameful conduct.
The Prince of Savoy was a commander (leader) of the Habsburgs (the king of the south). He beat the king of the north (Mehmed IV. – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire). Conclusion: The king of the north was not be able to defeat the king of the south. Wikipedia: Prince Eugene of Savoy (François Eugène; 18 October 1663 – 21 April 1736), was one of the most successful military commanders in modern European history, rising to the highest offices of state at the Imperial court in Vienna. … He first saw action against the Ottoman Turks at the Siege of Vienna in 1683 and the subsequent War of the Holy League, before serving in the Nine Years’ War, fighting alongside his cousin, the Duke of Savoy. However, the Prince’s fame was secured with his decisive victory against the Ottomans at the Battle of Zenta in 1697, earning him European-wide fame. Eugene enhanced his standing during the War of the Spanish Succession where his partnership with the Duke of Marlborough secured victories against the French on the fields of Blenheim (1704), Oudenarde (1708), and Malplaquet (1709); he gained further success in the war as Imperial commander in northern Italy, most notably at the Battle of Turin (1706). Renewed hostilities against the Ottomans in the Austro-Turkish War consolidated his reputation with victories at the battles of Petrovaradin (1716), and the decisive encounter at Belgrade (1717). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Eugene_of_Savoy Interpretation Daniel 11,18 ( … so that he cannot renew it against him …): The Siege of Vienna (1683) was the beginning of the end of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire became less important. The demise of the Ottoman Empire was starting.
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 19 He shall turn to the strongholds of his own land, but shall stumble and fall, to be found no more. 20 In his stead one shall arise who will send a tax collector through the glorious kingdom, but he shall soon be destroyed, though not in conflict or in battle.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,19: Selim III. (1789-1807 – the king of the north – Sultan of the Ottoman) Empire turned to his strongholds, because he planned to secure the borders of the Ottoman Empire by a military reform. The Janissary corps tripped Selim III. because of his reforms in other words Selim III. stumbled and fell. Selim was killed on Mustafa’s order in other words Selim III. was found no more. Wikipedia Ottoman military reform efforts begin with Selim III (1789–1807) who made the first major attempts to modernize the army along European lines. These efforts, however, were hampered by reactionary movements, partly from the religious leadership, but primarily from the Janissary corps, who had become anarchic and ineffectual. Jealous of their privileges and firmly opposed to change, they created a Janissary revolt. Selim’s efforts cost him his throne and his life, but were resolved in spectacular and bloody fashion by his successor, the dynamic Mahmud II, who massacred the Janissary corps in 1826. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire
Interpretation of Daniel 11,20: In his stead arose Mahmud II. who sent Badr Khan Beg (a tax collector) through the glorious kingdom, but Mustafa IV. (1807-08) was soon killed by order of Mahmud in other words Mustafa IV. was soon destroyed, though not in conflict or in battle, because when Mustafa IV. was serving time in prison, he was killed. Badr Khan Beg exacted the taxes for the Sultan Mahmud II. (1808-1839). Mahmud lost the battle of Nizip on 24 June 1839. After that the tax collectors returned in his country. Mahmud II died 7 days later on 1 July 1839, he died of tuberculosis. Wikipedia: Mahmud II (20 July 1785 – 1 July 1839) was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. … In 1808, Mahmud II’s predecessor (and half-brother) Mustafa IV (1807–08) ordered his execution along with his cousin, the deposed Sultan Selim III (1789–1807), in order to defuse the rebellion. Selim III was killed, but Mahmud was safely kept hidden by his mother and was placed on the throne after the rebels deposed Mustafa IV. The leader of this rebellion, Alemdar Mustafa Pasha, then became Mahmud II’s vizier. … Mahmud II died of tuberculosis – some say he was murdered – at the Esma Sultana Palace, Çamlıca, in 1839. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmud_II ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Badr Khan Beg was the last emir and mutesellim (tax collector) of Cizre Bohtan Emirate. He began to lose his power due to the centralist policies of the Ottoman Empire, which culminated in the Tanzimat Edict of 1839 and its application the following year. When the Ottomans decided to make changes in the boundaries of Diyarbakır province in 1842 and 1843 within the application of the Tanzimat Edict, Bedirhan Bey did not accept the changes and the state soon removed him from Cizre and deported him to Crete. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bedr_Khan_Beg ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Mustafa IV was sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1807 to 1808. … Attempting to secure his position by positing himself as the only surviving heir of Osman, Mustafa ordered both Selim and his brother Mahmud murdered at Topkapı Palace, Istanbul. He then ordered his guards to show the rebels Selim’s body, and they promptly tossed it into the inner courtyard of the palace. Mustafa then ascended his throne, assuming that Mahmud was also dead, but the prince had been hiding in the furnace of a bath.Just as the rebels demanded that Mustafa “yield his place to a worthier,” Mahmud revealed himself, and Mustafa was deposed. The failure of his short reign prevented the efforts to undo the reforms, which continued under Mahmud. Mustafa was later killed on Mahmud’s orders. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_IV
The demise of the Ottoman Empire was starting. The last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire abdicated in the year 1922 AD. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Mehmed VI Vahid ed-din (14 January/2 February 1861 – 15/16 May 1926) was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from 1918 to 1922. The brother of Mehmed V, he succeeded to the throne as the eldest male member of the House of Osman after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz’s son Yusuf Izzettin Efendi, the heir to the throne. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on 4 July 1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was sultan Abdülmecid I and mother was Gülüstü (1831 – May 1861), a Circassian. Mehmed was removed from the throne when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehmed_VI
The Soviet Union (Russia) has been being the king of the north since 1922. The reason for the change: Demise of the Ottoman Empire.
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 21 „There shall rise in his place a despicable person, to whom the royal insignia shall not be given. By stealth and fraud he shall seize the kingdom. 22 Armed might shall be completely overwhelmed by him and crushed, and even the prince of the covenant. 23 After allying with him, he shall treacherously rise to power with a small party. 24 By stealth he shall enter prosperous provinces and do that which his fathers or grandfathers never did; he shall distribute spoil, booty, and riches among them and devise plots against their strongholds; but only for a time. 25 He shall call on his strength and cleverness to meet the king of the south with a great army; the king of the south shall prepare for battle with a very large and strong army, but he shall not succeed because of the plots devised against him. 26 Even his table companions shall seek to destroy him, his army shall be overwhelmed, and many shall fall slain.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,21: Stalin (despicable person) took the king of the north place. Stalin was born on 18. December 1978 and died in the year 1956 AD.
The Soviet Union (Russia) has been being the king of the north since 1922. The reason for the change: Demise of the Ottoman Empire.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,21 (… the royal insignia shall not be given. By stealth and fraud he shall seize the kingdom. …): Stalin seized the kingdom by stealth and fraud, because he vested the office of the General Secretary with more power. Stalin was be able to establish a totalitarian dictatorship by the office of the General Secretary. Stalin controlled the land from the bureau. He took over the office of the General Secretary in the year 1922. Stalin was an absolute dictator in the year 1927. Stalin appointed himself as dictator, he did not receive the royal isignia. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878– 5 March 1953) was the Premier of the Soviet Union from 6 May 1941 to 5 March 1953. … While formally the office of the General Secretary was elective and was not initially regarded as the top position in the Soviet state, after Vladimir Lenin’s death in 1924, Stalin managed to consolidate more and more power in his hands, gradually putting down all opposition groups within the party. This included Leon Trotsky, the Red Army organizer, proponent of world revolution, and principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders, who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Instead, Stalin’s idea of socialism in one country became the primary line of the Soviet politics. … Lenin still considered Stalin to be a loyal ally, and when he got mired in squabbles with Trotsky and other politicians, he decided to give Stalin more power. With the help of Lev Kamenev, Lenin had Stalin appointed as General Secretary in 1922. This post allowed Stalin to appoint many of his allies to government positions. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin
Interpretation of Daniel 11,22: Whole societies were overwhelmed by Stalin. Also referred to as Stalinist purges. Wikipedia: Stalin, as head of the Politburo, consolidated near-absolute power in the 1930s with a Great Purge of the party, justified as an attempt to expel ‘opportunists’ and ‘counter-revolutionary infiltrators’. Those targeted by the purge were often expelled from the party; however, more severe measures ranged from banishment to the Gulag labor camps, to execution after trials held by NKVD troikas. Many military leaders were convicted of treason, and a large scale purging of Red Army officers followed. The repression of so many formerly high-ranking revolutionaries and party members led Leon Trotsky to claim that a “river of blood” separated Stalin’s regime from that of Lenin. In August 1940, Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico, where he had lived in exile since January 1937; this eliminated the last of Stalin’s opponents among the former Party leadership.With the exception of Vladimir Milyutin (who died in prison in 1937) and Joseph Stalin himself, all of the members of Lenin’s original cabinet who had not succumbed to death from natural causes before the purge were executed. Mass operations of the NKVD also targeted “national contingents” (foreign ethnicities) such as Poles, ethnic Germans, Koreans, etc. A total of 350,000 (144,000 of them Poles) were arrested and 247,157 (110,000 Poles) were executed.Many Americans who had emigrated to the Soviet Union during the worst of the Great Depression were executed; others were sent to prison camps or gulags.Concurrent with the purges, efforts were made to rewrite the history in Soviet textbooks and other propaganda materials. Notable people executed by NKVD were removed from the texts and photographs as though they never existed. Gradually, the history of revolution was transformed to a story about just two key characters: Lenin and Stalin. In light of revelations from the Soviet archives, historians now estimate that nearly 700,000 people (353,074 in 1937 and 328,612 in 1938) were executed in the course of the terror, with the great mass of victims being “ordinary” Soviet citizens: workers, peasants, homemakers, teachers, priests, musicians, soldiers, pensioners, ballerinas, beggars. Many of the executed were interred in mass graves, with some of the major killing and burial sites being Bykivnia, Kurapaty and Butovo. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin
Interpretation of Daniel 11,23: Stalin acted treacherously in order to come to power because his companions were killed by order of himself (Stalin). Wikipedia: Lenin suffered a stroke in 1922, forcing him into semi-retirement in Gorki. Stalin visited him often, acting as his intermediary with the outside world. The pair quarreled and their relationship deteriorated. Lenin dictated increasingly disparaging notes on Stalin in what would become his testament. He criticized Stalin’s rude manners, excessive power, ambition and politics, and suggested that Stalin should be removed from the position of General Secretary. During Lenin’s semi-retirement, Stalin forged an alliance with Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev against Leon Trotsky. These allies prevented Lenin’s Testament from being revealed to the Twelfth Party Congress in April 1923. Lenin died of a heart attack on 21 January 1924. Again, Kamenev and Zinoviev helped to keep Lenin’s Testament from going public. Thereafter, Stalin’s disputes with Lev Kamenev and Zinoviev intensified. Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev grew increasingly isolated, and were eventually ejected from the Central Committee and then from the Party itself. Kamenev and Zinoviev were later readmitted, but Trotsky was exiled from the Soviet Union. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Stalin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rise_of_Joseph_Stalin
Interpretation of Daniel 11,24: Stalin invaded in the province of Ukraine in the year 1932. Stalin distributed the booty among his own people. The stolen food was sold at dumping prices in the Soviet Union (Russia). Also referred to as Holodomor. Wikipedia: Although famine, caused by collectivization, raged in many parts of the Soviet Union in 1932, special and particularly lethal policies, described by Yale historian Timothy Snyder in his book Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin (2010), were adopted in and largely limited to Ukraine at the end of 1932 and 1933. Snyder lists seven crucial policies that applied only, or mainly, to Soviet Ukraine. He states: “Each of them may seem like an anodyne administrative measure, and each of them was certainly presented as such at the time, and yet each had to kill”:1. From November 18, 1932 peasants from Ukraine were required to return extra grain they had previously earned for meeting their targets. State police and party brigades were sent into these regions to root out any food they could find. 2. Two days later, a law was passed forcing peasants who could not meet their grain quotas to surrender any livestock they had. 3. Eight days later, collective farms that failed to meet their quotas were placed on “blacklists” in which they were forced to surrender 15 times their quota. These farms were picked apart for any possible food by party activists. Blacklisted communes had no right to trade or to receive deliveries of any kind, and became death zones. 4. On December 5, 1932, Stalin’s security chief presented the justification for terrorizing Ukrainian party officials to collect the grain. It was considered treason if anyone refused to do their part in grain requisitions for the state. 5. In November 1932 Ukraine was required to provide 1/3 of the grain collection of the entire Soviet Union. As Lazar Kaganovich put it, the Soviet state would fight “ferociously” to fulfill the plan. 6. In January 1933 Ukraine’s borders were sealed in order to prevent Ukrainian peasants from fleeing to other republics. By the end of February 1933 approximately 190,000 Ukrainian peasants had been caught trying to flee Ukraine and were forced to return to their villages to starve. 7. The collection of grain continued even after the annual requisition target for 1932 was met in late January 1933 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holodomor
Interpretation of Daniel 11,25: The king of the North (Stalin – Soviet Union/Russia) met the king of the south (USA) with a great army in World War 2 in Germany. Wikipedia: Elbe Day, April 25, 1945, was the date Soviet and American troops met at the River Elbe, near Torgau in Germany, marking an important step toward the end of the World War II in Europe. The first contact was made between patrols near Strehla, when First Lieutenant Albert Kotzebue crossed the River Elbe in a boat with three men of an intelligence and reconnaissance platoon. On the east bank, they met forward elements of a Soviet Guards-rifle-regiment of the First Ukrainian Front under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Gardiev. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elbe_Day
Interpretation of Daniel 11,25 (… He shall call on his strength and cleverness to meet the king of the south with a great army … ): At first the king of the north (Stalin – Soviet Union/Russia) prepared for war with a great army on 22 June 1941. Wikipedia: On 22 June 1941, Germany, along with other European Axis members and Finland, invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa. The primary targets of this surprise offensive were the Baltic region, Moscow and Ukraine, with an ultimate goal of ending the 1941 campaign near the Arkhangelsk-Astrakhan line, connecting the Caspian and White Seas. Hitler’s objectives were to eliminate the Soviet Union as a military power, exterminate Communism, generate Lebensraum (“living space”)by dispossessing the native populationand guarantee access to the strategic resources needed to defeat Germany’s remaining rivals. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II Interpretation Daniel 11,25 (… the king of the south shall prepare for battle with a very large and strong army…): Then the king of the south (USA) prepared for war with a very large and strong army in December 1941. Wikipedia: On 7 December (8 December in Asian time zones), 1941, Japan attacked British and American holdings with near-simultaneous offensives against Southeast Asia and the Central Pacific. These included an attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor, landings in Thailand and Malaya and the battle of Hong Kong. These attacks led the U.S., Britain, Australia and other Allies to formally declare war on Japan. Germany and the other members of the Tripartite Pact responded by declaring war on the United States. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II The USA has been being the king of the south since 1919 (World War 1). The reason for the change: Demise of the Habsburg Empire. The USA has been becoming the new world power since the World War 1.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,26 ( … his army shall be overwhelmed, and many shall fall slain. …): The Red Army lost 14 to 16 million soldiers in World War 2. The highest ever of all combatants. Many Red Army soldiers were slained by order of Stalin. Wikipedia: During the Great Patriotic War, the Red Army conscripted 29,574,900 men in addition to the 4,826,907 in service at the beginning of the war. Of this total of 34,401,807 it lost 6,329,600 KIA, 555,400 deaths by disease and 4,559,000 MIA (most captured). Of these 11,444,000, however, 939,700 rejoined the ranks in the subsequently liberated Soviet territory, and a further 1,836,000 returned from German captivity. Thus the grand total of losses amounted to 8,668,400. This is the official total dead, but other estimates give the number of total dead up to almost 11 million men, including 7.7 million killed or missing in action and 2.6 million POW dead (out of 5.2 million total POWs), plus 400,000 paramilitary and Soviet partisan losses. The majority of the losses, excluding POWs, being ethnic Russians (5,756,000), followed by ethnic Ukrainians (1,377,400).However, as many as 8 million of the 34 million mobilized were non-Slavic minority soldiers, and around 45 divisions formed from national minorities served from 1941 to 1943 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Army
Interpretation Daniel 11,25-26 (… but he shall not succeed because of the plots devised against him. Even his table companions shall seek to destroy him …): Stalin died in 1953. Officially, Stalin died of a stroke. In truth, his table companions poisoned Stalin. Wikipedia: After Stalin’s stroke, Beria claimed to have poisoned Stalin, aborting a final purge of Old Bolsheviks Anastas Mikoyan and Vyacheslav Molotov for which Stalin had been laying the groundwork in the year prior to his death. He announced triumphantly to the Politburo that he had “saved [us] all” (according to Molotov’s memoirs). Evidence of the murder of Stalin by Beria associates was presented by Edvard Radzinsky in his biography Stalin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lavrentiy_Beria – Other Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2793501.stm
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 27 The two kings, resolved on evil, shall sit at table together and exchange lies, but they shall have no success, because the appointed end is not yet.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,27: The two kings (king of the south = USA and king of the north = Soviet Union/Russia) sat at table togehter after the World War 2. I believe, the cold war started by mutual distrust (exchange lies). The USA was in possession of a dangerous weapon (atomic bomb). The Russians also wanted to have this weapon. Wikipedia: The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm Hohenzollern, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from 16 July to 2 August 1945. Participants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The three nations were represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and, later, Clement Attlee, and President Harry S. Truman. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potsdam_Conference
Interpretation of Daniel 11,27 (… because the appointed end is not yet …): The nuclear bomb has made a total destruction of the world possible. A nuclear war was possible in 1962 (See the Cuban Missile Crisis). The nuclear bomb engendered an apocalyptic mood, but the end was not yet. Jesus also says: ◊ Matthew chapter 24 ◊ verse 6 You will hear of warsand reports of wars; see that you are not alarmed, for these things must happen, but it will not yet be the end. Wikipedia: During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the United States conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, the first on August 6, 1945 and the second on August 9, 1945. These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_bombings_of_Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 28 “He shall turn back toward his land with great riches, his mind set against the holy covenant; he shall arrange matters and return to his land.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,28: The Soviet troops (the king of the north) turned back toward his land (Soviet Union/Russia) in the year 1946 because of enormous pressure from the United States. Wikipedia: The Iran crisis of 1946, also known as the Iran-Azerbaijan Crisis, followed the end of World War II and stemmed from the Soviet Union’s refusal to relinquish occupied Iranian territory, despite repeated assurances. In 1941 Iran had been jointly invaded and occupied by the Allied powers of Soviet Red Army in the north and by the British in the center and south; Iran was used as a transportation route to provide vital supplies to the Soviet allies during the War. The Allies (United States, United Kingdom and Soviet Union) had agreed to withdraw from Iran six months after the end of hostilities, but when this deadline came in early 1946, the Soviets under Joseph Stalin remained in Iran and local pro-Soviet Iranians proclaimed a separatist People’s Republic of Azerbaijan. … The crisis is seen as one of the early conflicts in the growing Cold War at the time. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran_crisis_of_1946 Interpretation (against the holy covenant): The Jews were persecuted by Stalin from 1948 to 1953, also called black years “schwarze Jahre”. Wikipedia: Nonetheless, Stalin began a new purge with repressing his wartime allies, the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee. In January 1948, Solomon Mikhoels was murdered in a purported car accident in Minsk. According to documents unearthed by historian Gennady Kostyrchenko, the organizers of the assassination were L.M. Tsanava and S. Ogoltsov, and the “direct” murderers were Lebedev, Kruglov and Shubnikov.Despite Stalin’s willigness to support Israel early on, various historians suppose that anti-Semitism in the late 1940s and early 1950s was motivated by Stalin’s possible perception of Jews as a potential “fifth column” in light of a pro-Western Israel in the Middle East. … During the night of August 12–13, 1952, remembered as the “Night of the Murdered Poets”, thirteen of the most prominent Yiddish writers of the Soviet Union were executed on the orders of Stalin. Among the victims were Peretz Markish, David Bergelson and Itzik Fefer. In a December 1, 1952 Politburo session, Stalin announced: “Every Jewish nationalist is the agent of the American intelligence service. Jewish nationalists think that their nation was saved by the USA. . . They think they are indebted to the Americans. Among doctors, there are many Jewish nationalists However, the letter, initially planned to be published in February, 1953, remained unpublished. Instead of the letter, a vehement feuilleton “The Simple-minded and the Swindlers” was published in Pravda, featuring numerous characters with Jewish names, all of them swindlers, villains, saboteurs, whom the naïve Russian people trust, having lost vigilance. What followed was a new wave of antisemitic hysteria and rumors that all Jews would be sent to Siberia. Only Stalin’s death the same year relieved the fear http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalinism_and_antisemitism ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: In January 1948 Solomon Mikhoels, a popular actor-director of the Moscow State Jewish Theater and the chairman of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, was killed in a suspicious car accident.Mass arrests of prominent Jewish intellectuals and suppression of Jewish culture followed under the banners of campaign against “rootless cosmopolitans” and anti-Zionism. On August 12, 1952, in the event known as the Night of the Murdered Poets, thirteen of the most prominent Yiddish writers, poets, actors and other intellectuals were executed on the orders of Joseph Stalin, among them Peretz Markish, Leib Kvitko, David Hofstein, Itzik Feffer and David Bergelson. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Russia
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 29 At the time appointed he shall come again to the south, but this time it shall not be as before. 30 When ships of the Kittim confront him, he shall lose heart and retreat.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,29 (At the time appointed he shall come again to the south): Stalin wanted to establish a Soviet republic in Iran (south) with help of Mosaddegh and the Tudeh Party (established Stalin). ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: Acting on the opposition to Mosaddegh by the British government and fears that he was, or would become, dependent on the pro-Soviet Tudeh Party at a time of expanding Soviet influence,the United States and Britain began to publicly denounce Mosaddegh’s policies for Iran as harmful to the country. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammad_Mosaddegh ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: The Tudeh Party of Iran is an Iranian communist party. Formed in 1941, with Soleiman Mohsen Eskandari as its head, it had considerable influence in its early years and played an important role during Mohammad Mosaddeq’s campaign to nationalize the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and his term as prime minister. The party has generally been described as “communist” by historians (for example: “The Tudeh Party was a classical pro-Soviet Union communist party, but wrapped itself at the time in nationalism to be more attractive to Iranians”), but is sometimes described simply as “leftist” or even “left-leaning” by more sympathetic sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tudeh_Party But this time it was not as before, because before the British (Kittim) and Russians (king of the north/soviet union) jointly occupied Iran. Wikipedia: In 1941 Iran had been jointly invaded and occupied by the Allied powers of Soviet Red Army in the north and by the British in the center and south http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran_crisis_of_1946 The king of the north (Soviet union/Russia) lost heart and retreated because of a naval blockade (ships) of the Britisch (Kittim). Wikipedia: The Abadan Crisis occurred from 1951 to 1954, after Iran nationalised the Iranian assets of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) and expelled Western companies from oil refineries in the city of Abadan (see Abadan Refinery). … British warships blockaded Abadan. On 22 August, the British cabinet imposed a series of economic sanctions on Iran. It prohibited exports of key British commodities, including sugar and steel, directed the withdrawal of all British personnel from Iranian oil fields and all but a hard core of about 300 administrators from Abadan and blocked Iran’s access to its hard currency accounts in British banks. … As a result of the crisis, Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh was ousted from power. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abadan_Crisis
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 30 Then he shall direct his rage and energy against the holy covenant; those who forsake it he shall once more single out. 31 Armed forces shall move at his command and defile the sanctuary stronghold, abolishing the daily sacrifice and setting up the horrible abomination. 32 By his deceit he shall make some who were disloyal to the covenant apostatize; but those who remain loyal to their God shall take strong action. 33 The nation’s wise men shall instruct the many; though for a time they will become victims of the sword, of flames, exile, and plunder. 34 When they fall, few people shall help them, but many shall join them out of treachery. 35 Of the wise men, some shall fall, so that the rest may be tested, refined, and purified, until the end time which is still appointed to come.
Interpretation of Daniel 11, 30-31 ( … Then he shall direct his rage … ): He= the King of Iran (Khomeini). The king of the north (Soviet Union/Russia) turned back toward his land, therefore he was not able to be located in Iran, because he was located in Russia. See Daniel 11,28. However, Khomeini returned from the French asylum. Khomeini directed his rage and energy in order to establish a Islamic state in the year 1979. Therefore many Jews (holy covenant) fled from this horrible abomination.
The king of the north (Soviet Union/Russia) will overwhelm the king of Iran. See Daniel 11,40 ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 40 but the king of the north shall overwhelm him with chariots and horsemen and a great fleet, passing through the countries like a flood. him verse 40 = King of Iran. Wikipedia: Grand Ayatollah Sayyed Ayatollah As-Sayyid Ruhollah Mostafavi Musavi Khomeini , 24 September 1902– 3 June 1989) was an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. Following the revolution and a national referendum, Khomeini became the country’s Supreme Leader—a position created in the constitution as the highest ranking political and religious authority of the nation—until his death. … Khomeini had refused to return to Iran until the Shah left. On 17 January 1979, the Shah did leave the country (ostensibly “on vacation”), never to return. Two weeks later, on Thursday, 1 February 1979, Khomeini returned in triumph to Iran, welcomed by a joyous crowd of up to five million people, estimated in at least six million by ABC News reporter Peter Jennings, who was reporting the event from Tehran. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruhollah_Khomeini
Interpretation of Daniel 11,31: The Islamic Revolution. The armed forces of Khomeini were guerrillas and rebel troops. Wikipedia: The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution or 1979 Revolution) refers to events involving the overthrow of Iran’s monarchy (Pahlavi dynasty) under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution. … The royal regime collapsed shortly after on February 11 when guerrillas and rebel troops overwhelmed troops loyal to the Shah in armed street fighting. Iran voted by national referendum to become an Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979,and to approve a new theocratic constitution whereby Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country, in December 1979. … The revolution was populist, nationalist and later Shi’a Islamic. It was in part a conservative backlash against the Westernizing and secularizing efforts of the Western-backed Shah, and a liberal backlash to social injustice and other shortcomings of the ancien régime. The Shah was perceived by many as beholden to – if not a puppet of – a non-Muslim Western power (the United States)whose culture was affecting that of Iran. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iranian_Revolution
Interpretation of Daniel 11,31: The Sanctuary at the Castle is Isfahan. Many Jews left Iran after the Islamic Revoluion. You can say: Because of the Islamic Revolution abolished the daily sacrifice. Wikipedia: At the time of the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, there were approximately 140,000–150,000 Jews living in Iran, the historical center of Persian Jewry. Over 85% have since migrated to either Israel or the United States, with the migration accelerating after the 1979 Islamic Revolution, when the population dropped from 100,000 to about 40,000. On March 16, 1979, Habib Elghanian, the honorary leader of the Jewish community, was arrested on charges of “corruption”, “contacts with Israel and Zionism”, “friendship with the enemies of God”, “warring with God and his emissaries”, and “economic imperialism”. He was tried by an Islamic revolutionary tribunal, sentenced to death, and executed on May 8, one of 17 Iranian Jews executed as spies since the revolution. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Jews_in_Iran Wikipedia: Following the 1979 Iranian Revolution, tens of thousands of Persian Jews migrated from Iran, forming one of the wealthiest waves of immigrants to ever come to the United States. … Iran’s Jewish population was reduced from 100,000–150,000 in 1948 to about 80,000 immediately before the Iranian Revolution, due mostly to immigration to Israel. While immigration to Israel had slowed in the 1970s and the Jewish population of Iran had stabilized, the majority of Iran’s remaining Jews left the country in the aftermath of the overthrow of the Shah. The current Jewish population of Iran is estimated by most sources to be 25,000, though estimates vary, as low as 11,000 and as high as 40,000. Notable population centers include Tehran, Isfahan (1,200), and Shiraz. Historically, Jews maintained a presence in many more Iranian cities. Jews are protected in the Iranian constitution and seat is reserved for a Jew in the Majlis. Iran hosts the largest Jewish population of any Muslim-majority country. After Israel, it is home to the second-largest Jewish population in the Middle East. … Almost every city of Iran has a Jewish attraction, shrine, or historical site. Prominent among these are the Esther and Mordechai and Habakkuk shrines of Hamedan, the tomb of Daniel in Susa, and the “Peighambariyeh” mausoleum in Qazvin. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persian_Jews Intepretation (and setting up the horrible abomination): The horrible abomination is the teaching of Islam: See you the table:
Interpretation of Daniel 11,32 (By his deceit he shall make some who were disloyal to the covenant apostatize): Khomeini tried to deceive the people by his plain speeches. Wikiquote: After the Shah’s departure from Iran, I will not become a president nor accept any other leadership role. Just like before, I limit my activities only to guiding and directing the people. ◊ ♦ ◊ If one permits an infidel to continue in his role as a corrupter of the earth, the infidel’s moral suffering will be all the worse. If one kills the infidel, and this stops him from perpetrating his misdeeds, his death will be a blessing to him. ◊ ♦ ◊ This regime occupying Jerusalem must vanish from the page of time. ◊ ♦ ◊ When anyone studies a little or pays a little attention to the rules of Islamic government, Islamic politics, Islamic society and Islamic economy he will realize that Islam is a very political religion. Anyone who will say that religion is separate from politics is a fool; he does not know Islam or politics. http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Ruhollah_Khomeini
Interpretation of Daniel 11,33: The teachings of Islam and Sharia have been regulating the live in Iran since 1979. The laws have been imposing by force (sword, of flames, exile, and plunder) since 1979. After 1979, there were many executions. Wikipedia: Khomeini and his supporters worked to suppress some former allies and rewrote the proposed constitution. Some newspapers were closed, and those protesting the closings were attacked.Opposition groups such as the National Democratic Front and Muslim People’s Republican Party were attacked and finally banned. … Opposition to the religious rule of the clergy or Islamic government in general was often met with harsh punishments. In a talk at the Fayzieah School in Qom, 30 August 1979, Khomeini warned opponents: “Those who are trying to bring corruption and destruction to our country in the name of democracy will be oppressed. They are worse than Bani-Ghorizeh Jews, and they must be hanged. We will oppress them by God’s order and God’s call to prayer.” The Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his family left Iran and escaped harm, but hundreds of former members of the overthrown monarchy and military met their end in firing squads, with critics complaining of “secrecy, vagueness of the charges, the absence of defense lawyers or juries”, or the opportunity of the accused “to defend themselves.” In later years these were followed in larger numbers by the erstwhile revolutionary allies of Khomeini’s movement—Marxists and socialists, mostly university students—who opposed the theocratic regime. In the 1988 massacre of Iranian prisoners, following the People’s Mujahedin of Iran operation Forough-e Javidan against the Islamic Republic, Khomeini issued an order to judicial officials to judge every Iranian political prisoner and kill those who would not repent anti-regime activities. Estimates of the number executed vary from 1,400 to 30,000. Although many hoped the revolution would bring freedom of speech and press, this was not to be. In defending forced closing of opposition newspapers and attacks on opposition protesters by club-wielding vigilantes, Khomeini explained, ‘The club of the pen and the club of the tongue is the worst of clubs, whose corruption is a 100 times greater than other clubs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruhollah_Khomeini The Jihad is used to intimidate people. The Jihad is used to incite the people. Some leaders of Islam want to wage war (Jihad) against Americans, Europeans. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jihad
Interpretation of Daniel 11,34 (When they fall, few people shall help them): Who was the help? Khatami? Wikipedia: Seyed Mohammad Khātamī (born October 14, 1943) is an Iranian scholar, philosopher, Shiite theologian and Reformist politician. He served as the fifth President of Iran from August 2, 1997 to August 3, 2005. … Khatami is known for his proposal of Dialogue Among Civilizations. The United Nations proclaimed the year 2001 as the United Nations’ Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations, on Khatami’s suggestion. … Khatami is regarded as Iran’s first reformist president, since the focus of his campaign was on the rule of law, democracy and the inclusion of all Iranians in the political decision-making process. However, his policies of reform led to repeated clashes with the hardline and conservative Islamists in the Iranian government, who control powerful governmental organizations like the Guardian Council, whose members are appointed by the Supreme Leader. Khatami lost most of those clashes, and by the end of his presidency many of his followers had grown disillusioned with him. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohammad_Khatami
Interpretation of Daniel 11,35 (…until the end time which is still appointed to come.): Conclusions: The following Bible verses show the events which take place at the end time. The next king is described as follows:
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 36 „The king shall do as he pleases, exalting himself and making himself greater than any god; he shall utter dreadful blasphemies against the God of gods. He shall prosper only till divine wrath is ready, for what is determined must take place. 37 He shall have no regard for the gods of his ancestors or for the one in whom women delight; for no god shall he have regard, because he shall make himself greater than all. 38 Instead, he shall give glory to the god of strongholds; a god unknown to his fathers he shall glorify with gold, silver, precious stones, and other treasures. 39 To defend the strongholds he shall station a people of a foreign god. Whoever acknowledges him he shall provide with abundant honor; he shall make them rule over the many and distribute the land as a reward. 40 “At the appointed time the king of the south shall come to grips with him,
Interpretation of Daniel 11,36: The king is Ahmadinejad. He do as he pleases because the nuclear program is implemented despite massive resistance movement from the western world. He has done incredible speeches (exalting himself) against Israel in the United Nations. Ahmadinejad denies the Holocaust. He has been refusing to accept the State of Israel (Zionism). Ahmadinejad wants to destroy the State of Israel. Wikipedia: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ( born 28 October 1956) is the sixth and current President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and the main political leader of the Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran, a coalition of conservative political groups in the country. An engineer and teacher from a poor background, Ahmadinejad joined the Office for Strengthening Unity after the Islamic Revolution. … Ahmadinejad is a controversial figure both within Iran and internationally. He has been criticized domestically for his economic lapses and disregard for human rights. He launched a gas rationing plan in 2007 to reduce the country’s fuel consumption, and cut the interest rates that private and public banking facilities could charge.He supports Iran’s nuclear energy program. His election to a second term in 2009 was widely disputed and caused widespread protests domestically and drew significant international criticism. In 2011 the presence of a so-called “deviant current” among his aides and supporters led to the arrest of several of them. … In June 2007, Ahmadinejad was criticized by some Iranian parliament members over his remark about Christianity and Judaism. According to Aftab News Agency, Ahmadinejad stated: “In the world, there are deviations from the right path: Christianity and Judaism. Dollars have been devoted to the propagation of these deviations. There are also false claims that these [religions] will save mankind. But Islam is the only religion that [can] save mankind.” Some members of Iranian parliament criticized these remarks as being fuels to religious war … He abides by Iran’s long-standing policy of refusing to recognize Israel as a legitimate state. He was embroiled in controversy in regards to statements he made about the Holocaust and for commenting that “the occupying regime” would, according to various translations, be eliminated from or “vanish from the pages of time.” The New York Times misinterpreted this as a call for the destruction of the State of Israel when the phrase was translated as “wiped off the map,”. Experts say the word “map” doesn’t even appear in the quote. It has also been claimed that he said that ‘Israels regime will be wiped of the map’, not the actual state. He advocates “free elections” for the region, and believes Palestinians need a stronger voice in the region’s future.Criticism of him in the West has been coupled with accusations of describing the Holocaust as a myth and of statements influenced by “classic anti-Semitic ideas,”which has led to accusations of anti-Semitism, though he has denied these accusations, saying that he “respects Jews very much” and that he was not “passing judgment” on the Holocaust. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmoud_Ahmadinejad
Interpretation of Daniel 11,38–39: I believe, the god of strongholds stands for a nuclear bomb. A stronghold was a massive city wall earlier. I believe, you have been being able to refer to the nuclear bomb as new stronghold since 1945. The nuclear bomb was unknown his fathers, because two the nuclear bombs were dropped about 65 years ago. I think the grandfather and great-grandfather of Ahmadinejad did not know this stronghold probably. The US, Israel, Russia, North Korea, Pakistan, India, UK, France … is well protected against attackers with this stronghold. The atomic bomb is very expensive. (… he shall glorify with gold, silver, precious stones, and other treasures). ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the United States conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, the first on August 6, 1945 and the second on August 9, 1945. These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_bombings_of_Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki I believe Iran will have a nuclear bomb because of this prophecy.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,39 (Whoever acknowledges him he shall provide with abundant honor; he shall make them rule over the many and distribute the land as a reward): Ahamdinejad has distributed the offices to his own people (IRGC, Revolutionary Guards, Basij), because they acknowledge him. Many statesmen do not acknowledge Ahmadinejad. Wikipedia: Ahmadinejad has been criticized for attacking private “plunderers” and “corrupt officials,” while engaging in “cronyism and political favouritism”. Many of his close associates have been appointed to positions for which they have no obvious qualifications, and “billion dollar no-bid contracts” have been awarded to the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC), an organization with which he is strongly associated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmoud_Ahmadinejad
Interpretation of Daniel 11,37 (for the one in whom women delight): Mohammed Khatami. He decided a more casual censorship. Therefore the women were well pleased with Khatami. Ahmadinejad made it back. ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: In May 1997, the overwhelming majority of women voted for Mohammad Khatami, a reformist cleric who promised more political freedom. His election brought a period during which women became increasingly bold in expressing ideas, demands, and criticisms. The awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to Shirin Ebadi, an Iranian human rights and women’s right activist, further emboldened women’s rights activists inside Iran and cemented their relationships with Iranian feminists abroad. … The Iranian women’s movement involves the movement for women’s rights and women’s equality in Iran. The movement first emerged some time after the Iranian Constitutional Revolution. The first journal published by a woman in Iran was Danesh, started in 1910. The movement lasted until 1933 in which the last women’s association was dissolved by the Reza Shah’s government. … It heightened again after the Iranian Revolution (1979). Women participated heavily in the Iranian Revolution of 1979 that toppled the shah. Notwithstanding this, the Islamic republic of Ayatollah Khomeini severely curtailed rights that women had become accustomed to under the shah. Within months of the founding of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the 1967 Family Protection Law was repealed; female government workers were forced to observe Islamic dress code; women were barred from becoming judges; beaches and sports were sex-segregated; the legal age of marriage for girls was reduced to 13; and married women were barred from attending regular schools. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women’s_rights_in_Iran ◊ ♦ ◊ Wikipedia: In 2008, the government sent the “Family Protection Bill” to the Iranian parliament. Women’s rights activists criticized the bill for removing protections from women, such as the requirement that a husband obtain his wife’s consent before bringing another wife into the family. Women’s rights in Iran are generally behind that of other countries. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmoud_Ahmadinejad
Interpretation of Daniel 11,40 (At the appointed time the king of the south shall come to grips with him): This bible verse has been standing for the conflict with the United States (King of the South) concerning nuclear program. See you: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_program_of_Iran
◊ ♦ ◊ Daniel Chapter 11 verse 40 but the king of the north shall overwhelm him with chariots and horsemen and a great fleet, passing through the countries like a flood. 41 He shall enter the glorious land and many shall fall, except Edom, Moab, and the chief part of Ammon, which shall escape from his power.42 He shall extend his power over the countries, and not even the land of Egypt shall escape. 43 He shall control the riches of gold and silver and all the treasures of Egypt; Libya and Ethiopia shall be in his train. 44 When news from the east and the north terrifies him, he shall set out with great fury to slay and to doom many. 45 He shall pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the sea and the glorious holy mountain, but he shall come to his end with none to help him.
Interpretation of Daniel 11,40: The king of the north (Russia?) will flood the Middle East.